Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is the full name. There are mild, moderate, and severe symptoms, hence why it is a spectrum disorder. Behavior Analysis is a field within psychology that focuses on understanding behavior and how it is affected by the environment. The use of scientifically-validated teaching techniques to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior is known as Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Positive change is correcting the symptoms of ASD.
Positive change in behavior are: (but not limited to) increase socialization, increase communication skills, decrease problematic and repetitive behaviors
Some of the common repetitive behaviors displayed in individuals with ASD are aggression, self-injury, bizarre speech, and hand flapping.
Although Autism is typically a life long condition, it is beneficial that individuals receive interventions and therapies. There becomes a concern when individuals don’t achieve certain developmental milestones. Learning to talk, walk, eat independently, and play with others are things that an individual should start learning between the ages of birth and 3 years old. Overall, Autism means that person has developmental delays in some way(s).
Someone who has Autism may need more support to develop certain skills. The earlier interventions are the better. Interventions can start as early as 18 months (with some agencies) to 2-3 years old. Individuals with Autism with have different abilities and limitations. It is important that each individual is treated accordingly and has the best interventions and therapies for their needs.