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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious medical condition which affects the individual’s normality how he/she thinks, speak, feels and act. The individual who encounters schizophrenia finds difficulty in correlating the imaginary and the reality. The biggest misconception among the people, confuse schizophrenia with the split personality or multiple personality disorder actually, both are the different streams.

Types of schizophrenia

With respect to the symptoms and behaviors, schizophrenia can be classified into 5 types as follows.
Paranoid schizophrenia: The most common subcategory of schizophrenia is paranoid schizophrenia. In this type, the individual conduces to lose the touch with the real world by struggling with heavy fear and anxiety.
Hebephrenic Schizophrenia: Disorganized schizophrenia is the other name of this type. The individual encounters illogical thinking and actions. The actions are highly triggered by environmental factors.
Catatonic Schizophrenia: It is a rare type of schizophrenia where the individual encounters group of symptoms, that influence and develop schizophrenia. The main symptom is Stupor – no response and movement in the individual’s body and mind.
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: The suffering individual might not fit into a specified category. Rather displays both positive and negative symptoms oscillates over the period of time.
Residual Schizophrenia: In this type, the individual might develop the long-term history of negative symptoms.

Symptoms of schizophrenia

  • Illogical thinking
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorganized speech
  • Stupor- No response and movement in the individual’s body and mind
  • Waxy flexibility – if an individual’s body part is placed in a position it will not be moved until someone else moves it
  • Difficulty feeling pleasure
  • False, fixed beliefs

Causes of Schizophrenia

The exact cause of schizophrenia is not fully understood. But according to the researchers, some factors might trigger an individual to develop schizophrenia they are:
Environmental factor: Studies suggest that including the factors like depression and stress there are few other factors might also develop schizophrenia such as low oxygen level while birth, parental loss, and high rage.
Chemical imbalance: Experts displays that abnormalities in the brain chemicals might also pave the chance of developing schizophrenia.
Substance abuse: Drugs such as LSD, weed, marijuana, and alcohols can also possible make an individual schizophrenic. There is a high chance of symptoms of hallucination, abnormal emotions, and disorganized thinking.
Genetic: Do you know the chance of encountering schizophrenia is 50% higher if the individual is a twin. Genetic is also a factor that plays a vital role in schizophrenia.

Treatment options

A proper treatment is the only way to overcome schizophrenia which can lead a productive life. Treatment follow-up involves a combination of medication, therapies, and counseling sessions. Adhering to the treatment plan can help in the reducing the worsening of the schizophrenia condition and also helps in preventing the risk factors like relapses.